Biorb Aquarium

By · Thursday, January 15th, 2009

Biorb Aquarium

Most aquarium keepers are based on a combination of three different methods of filtration to maintain water quality in your aquarium: filtration mechanical, biological filtration and chemical filtration. Mechanical filtration will remove larger debris from the water, biological filtration is performed by bacteria that convert hazardous waste into less harmful compounds, and chemical filtration is normally performed by the activated carbon that bind toxic compounds, traces of drugs, etc.

Several types of filtration can take place in the same piece of equipment. When you look at the filter corner filled with sponge base used by many novice aquarium keepers, you may consider it is just a way to perform mechanical filtration. The truth, however, is that the sponge is an ideal home for beneficial bacteria that can perform biological filtration. The filter corner is usually combined with a pump that causes a water flow and is constantly providing the bacteria with biological waste products that dissolve in water. If you place a piece of charcoal in the filter corner be carried out chemical filtration of water being pumped. Thus, you can have three different types of filtration occurs in the same piece of equipment.

Mechanical filtration

Mechanical filtration removes the greatest form of waste in the water. You can get internal filters mechanics, as well as external ones. A mechanical filter is normally combined with a pump that forces water through some form of filtering, for example, sponge, foam or floss. Before buying a mechanical filter should always find out how much water is distributed and how the media filter is fine. A general rule of thumb states that a mechanical filter should spend about twice the amount of water in the tank every hour, but this is not true for all types of aquariums.

The thinness of the media in a mechanical filter is very important. A very fine filter medium catch even small debris in the water, but moreover prone to clogging and should be cleaned frequently. A thick filter are less prone to clogging, but then let a pile of rubble to pass through. Many aquarium owners use a combination of several filter media, where the coarse filter traps large particles before that water is forced through a more fine.

Biological filtration

For biological filtration, harmful nitrogen compounds produced by animals at the aquarium becomes less harmful nitrogen compounds by two different types of bacteria. The fish metabolism will produce ammonia which is excreted through the gills and present in the fish poop. High levels of ammonia are healthy for fish, and very high levels can even be mortal. However, there is a certain type of bacteria that feed on ammonia. This type of bacteria excrete ingested ammonia and nitrite. Unfortunately for the fish, nitrite is even more toxic than ammonia. For successful biological filtration, a second type of bacteria is necessary. This type of bacteria ingested nitrite and nitrate to excrete. Nitrate is less toxic than ammonia and nitrite, but you should keep an eye steel in nitrate levels in the aquarium and remove the nitrate by conducting frequent water changes.

You can support beneficial bacteria colonies by providing appropriate materials to settle, and filter media sponge and floss, gravel, sand, plant leaves, etc. When you start a new aquarium, you must let it go through a process known to a bicycle. During this process, large colonies of both types of bacteria down in the aquarium. You can start the process of cycling a new aquarium by introducing bacteria from an aquarium and cycling, by example, by adopting some gravel or filter material of the same. You can also purchase a complete solution to the type of bacteria in aquarium store. If you use materials form an established tank, always the risk of introducing unwanted organisms with beneficial bacteria.

Chemical filtration

The most widely used material for chemical filtration activated carbon. Activated carbon bind a variety of different compounds and thus himself remove from circulation. It is common for aquarium keepers use chemical filtration for shorter periods only. When treatment is completed of a disease or parasite in the aquarium, you may, for example, use chemical filtration to remove any traces left on the medication water. The use of activated charcoal is quite controversial, and many planted tanks holders refrain from using activated carbon for any long periods of time because suspicion that could lead to nutrient depletion.

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How to Set Up a Biorb Aquarium

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