Macro Algae

By · Friday, January 22nd, 2010

Macro Algae

In spring and summer begins to approach the Mid-Atlantic States does the algae. Algae can show in many shapes and colors. The most common types of algae pond are the types of green algae. They are primitive plants closely related to fungi. They have no true leaves, stems or roots and reproduce by spores, division or cellular fragmentation. It develops from excess nutrients in water requirements and sunlight for growth. Green algae are usually found in three forms: planktonic, filamentous, and Macro.

Planktonic algae are microscopic plants, usually suspended in the upper few feet of water. They can cause pond water to appear green pea soup and natural mortality of summer can cause fish kills due to oxygen depletion. Some species are found to be toxic to livestock and wildlife.

Algae forms green mats in the water. These filamentous algae usually begins its growth along the edges of the pond bottom or eventually take over the whole body, the filaments are composed of cells of its ends to form the yarn that gives the appearance. Pithophora and Spirogyra are two of the most common.

Pithophora is a dark green filamentous algae and is commonly referred to as a ball of cotton or horsehair algae. Commonly grows in clumps of tangled filaments seem ordinary small cotton balls. The filaments are broad ramifications. Due to its high production of reproductive cells, growth can be rapid.

Spirogyra is a filamentous algae that can be found in almost every pond or ditch. It was named for the spiral shape that leads in the chloroplast. Because of its rapid reproduction of algae can grow in large mats that can cover and smother and pond.

Macro Algae can resemble a flowering plant that is driven into the ground. In reality nothing more than attached to a surface. These algae tend to not more completely and, like all algae reproduce very quickly.

Chara is often called musk grass, garlic because of its musty odor. Chara is a branched multicellular green algae that is often confused with plants submerged flowers. It attaches to the bottom, but is not entrenched. Chara generally has the black ball like structures called sporangia visible during stage reproduction.

If any questions arise about the algae and other aquatic plants, please contact your local lake management.

Kevin Tucker is the president of Virginia Lake Management Company, specializing in pond and Virginia lake management VLM also manages interests in West Virginia, Pennsylvania, Maryland, Delaware, and North Carolina.

Chaetomorpha Macro Algae Time Lapse

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