Carbon Aquarium

By · Saturday, June 13th, 2009

Carbon Aquarium

What is the difference between freshwater and saltwater fish? I can say that the answer is obvious salt! But more than that.

Saltwater Creatures are more sensitive to changes in their environment. Changes in temperature, pH, nitrates, and salinity often stressful. Saltwater Fish are also the usual to reduce fish density is, the larger the fish tank, the better. Saltwater invertebrates also need sufficient (400-450 ppm) of calcium to continue manufacturing its exoskeleton.

What are the best fish and invertebrates to buy for my reef? The answer depends on your portfolio, and their ability to care of them. If you are a beginner, it is better to opt for cheaper, resistant fish and invertebrates. This will save you the cost and anguish of losing a pet.

The best to buy fish for beginners are damsels-acclimated saltwater mollies, clownfish, blennies, pins, and lionfish.

Fish to avoid are the angelfish, butterfly fish, pipefish, seahorses, long nose Filefish, blue ribbon eels, stonefish, Moorish Idols, and mandarin fish.

The easiest way to keep invertebrates are shrimp, sea urchins and starfish. Unless you have sufficient knowledge and experience, anemones should be avoided.

Invertebrates to avoid (and why) are ascidians (which can release poisonous toxins), flame scallops (which are filter feeders and therefore almost impossible to feed), the Tridacna clams (needs strong lighting), nudibranchs (difficult / impossible to feed), corals (need strong lighting), and octopuses (very short life expectancy).

What is cycling? Approximately every four to six weeks, your tank is going to undergo changes, such as fish that are stressed, weakness or shortness of breath. This may point to the necessity of a bicycle deposit.

Cycling a tank with the introduction of the nitrogen cycle of steroids with the bacteria the opportunity to gobble up all the ammonia and nitrites that are toxic to fish. This is usually done by taking fish off the tank and put ammonia nitrite decomposition and bacteria in the tank until the ammonia levels decline.

Once you are set to zero levels of ammonia and nitrites, Fish can be returned to the aquarium.

What should I filter for a saltwater aquarium? Normally there are three types of filters that are required: mechanical filters, chemical and biological.

Mechanical filters capture debris suspended in water and fecal matter and uneaten food. Reverse osmosis (RO) filters is also used in water purification is an example of mechanical filters.

Biological filters decompose the ammonia metabolic waste fish and subsequent nitrite. This is commonly done by two heterotrophic bacteria, Nitrosomonas that eats the ammonia and converts it to nitrite and Nitrobacter which, in turn, He eats the nitrite and nitrate leaves rather harmless. Undergravel and wet / dry filters act as mechanical and biological filters.

Chemical filters use chemical reactions taking of certain pollutants from your water tank. Examples are activated charcoal filters and media resin.

The activated carbon removes undesirable colors, odors, medicines and essential trace elements from water. When the use of activated charcoal, you should try to fish in a separate quarantine tank or temporarily remove the filter.

Media resin binds heavy metals, ammonia, nitrites, nitrates, phosphates and silicates to remove them from their water. It is also less aggressive than the activated carbon in removing trace elements essential for growth of its marine fauna.

Mechanical filters should be cleaned or replaced when saturated. Chemical filtration media, however, must be replaced periodically.

Cedric James is a lifelong Saltwater Aquariums lover. For more great saltwater aquariums information, visit

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