Malaysian Driftwood

By · Thursday, October 29th, 2009

Malaysian Driftwood

Like all aquarium fish, the natural habitat of arowanas dictates how you can be better addressed in captivity. Although arowanas have been in captivity for decades, this is but a drop in the bucket in terms of their existence in nature.

Arowana are considered "living fossils", and its presence is set at 60 million years or more. Its ancient history dates back more than 130 million years. Longevity and the evolution of freshwater points 7 Arowana species being well adapted to their environment.

Arowanas habitat as possible, should naturally be followed by its success in captivity. As closed systems, of course, is impossible not to care for Arowana "natural" processes in the aquarium. But it is possible that your natural preferences guide to how we care for them to better support your health and promote their welfare.

From Nature to feed

Arowana Most fans know that the varieties native of Asia are the black water river areas of Southeast Asia. The four varieties of Asian Arowana each country in different freshwater sites in Malaysia, Thailand, and Indonesia. The unique physical characteristics of these rivers, swamps and wetland areas make optimal conditions for the tank arowanas in captivity.

Attributes Water

i) Temperature: Native habitats are very close Arowana of Ecuador in the tropics. The water temperature should be maintained so at approximately 27 ° C (80 ° F). Water temperatures vary little in a natural environment Arowana, and do not tolerate fluctuations in temperature of the aquarium, either.

ii) the water Black: arowanas native black inhabit rivers and wetland areas. Black water is incredibly clean and tends to support a wide variety of species Fish tailored to their unique attributes. Black water is acidic, soft water is fed by streams from old black soils of tropical forests that are low in nutrients. The lack of minerals in these soils remains smooth black water. The decomposition of tree leaves fall in tannins Ketapang release black water and humic acids which further soften it. These organic acids tint the water a distinctive tea color.

The yellow-brown black water is thought to contribute to the bright, iridescent colors typical of many species of black water fish, including arowanas. Vibrant coloration can make it easier for species to one another rather dark colored water.

With this in mind, many fans try to reproduce the black water conditions in Arowana their aquariums. Ketapang dried leaves are used to promote a healthy environment and reduce the pH of the water tank. Natural organic acids released from the leaves can help absorb harmful substances, detoxify the tank, and reduce the population of undesirable bacteria.

Peat and decayed branches two black water additives that are used in Arowana tanks. Commercially prepared "black water extract" is another option. When you create black water conditions, attention must be considered the pH of the tank is not too acidic or fall below 6.5 to 7.0.


i) Diet: arowanas in nature are predators, feeding surface fish that hunt in shallow water, shade areas along the coast. They are notorious for jumping after flight meals or hanging above the surface. Their diet consists of live food in their natural environment, and they prefer to be fed in captivity.

Not only possible but desirable to adjust your Arowana to eat some foods do not live. But to imitate their natural environment, nothing is more about living foods. In nature, arowanas are known to feed on insects, spiders, frogs, fish, lizards, birds, bats, and even small monkeys. In captivity, farm-raised shrimp, worms and fish arowanas permitted to exercise their hunting instincts.

Their natural diet also makes it difficult to find suitable tankmates for an Arowana. In nature, they commonly consume anything small enough to fit in the mouth. The same tends to occur in captivity.

ii) Program Food: Many experts doubt arowanas eat every day in their natural environments. Even a large tank allows only minimal exercise in arowanas captivity. The daily diet is therefore unnecessary and may compromise water quality.

iii) Tank Cover: Another direct result of their habits natural power is the tendency of the Arowana jumping from his tank. Extreme care must be taken to ensure tank tops. The jump attempt to dissuade any other so is unlikely to be fruitful, and may result in harm to fish.


Arowana are generally alone or in small groups in the wild. They are extremely territorial and aggressive defense of the areas they occupy. His natural instincts are at odds with housing arowanas together.

Other surface swimming or aggressive fish can appear threatening to Arowana. Reduce the risk of riots by the choice of one or two housing fund or larger tank mates with housing shy arowanas.

Environmental Elements

Although normally arowanas are among the shallow waters filled with bamboo, wood, rocks and water plants, most fans prefer to keep Arowana tanks sparsely decorated. This helps prevent injury to the fish and tank maintenance less tedious. Artificial plants and decorations that do not interfere with the habits of swimming on the surface are safe, low maintenance alternatives to provide some "natural" habitat characteristics.

Steven Yeoh is an avid arowana fish lover who is also involved with an asian arowana breeding farm. If you find his arowana information helpful, make sure that you sign up for his 7 days ecourse for the “New Arowana Hobbyists” at his main site as well as visit his very useful and informative blog.

Main site:

Arowana blog:

My dart frog vivarium ( in progress)

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