Tank Light

By · Saturday, December 26th, 2009

Tank Light

What is needed?

Now that we are comfortable with the basic factors of a saltwater aquarium, let's see what it takes to run a tank of success. The components needed to run a saltwater tank depends a lot on successful you speak. You should never operate only with the advice of a person. For example, many people advocate using under gravel filters for biological filtration. This, however, must be tempered with wisdom. A tank running seawater under gravel filter (UGF) with minimal circulation will be working much more than a system running a wet / dry filter and a couple of heads of power. Wet / Dry filters tend to require less maintenance, as UGF tend to become clogged over time.

Do not get too buried in details, the basic components of a saltwater tank are:

Filtration tank Decorations (including protein skimming) of water kits lighting test

Tank Size

One of the most important decisions in starting a saltwater aquarium will be the size tank. The basic rule is the bigger the better. A larger tank will be easier to control and give a little more margin for error (which are inevitable). The smallest tank for beginners should be no less than 20 gallons, 55 gallons being even better. For someone versed in fish keeping (ie, conversion saltwater to freshwater), a 10 or 15 gallon tank work, but it is not suggested. In general, fish like long, wide tanks. The largest surface area has a tank, the better the gas exchange will be happier and the fish are.

The densities of fish

Before the end of a size of deposit, remember that fish densities are much lower salt water than fresh water. That is, you can not put as many fish in a saltwater tank, can in a water tank sweet. Putting more than 2 saltwater fish in 10 gallon tank is asking for trouble. A general rule is 4 "(10 cm) of small and medium fish per 10 gallons, or 2 "(5cm) of large / fast growing fish per 10 gallons. This is just a rough estimate of the number of fish. There are a number accurate, since finding the stocking density has to take into account the filtration, maintenance, feeding schedule, etc.

Beyond number of fish you want to keep, the tank size will also affect your filtration and lighting choices, both in cost and design. Tanks are 48 inches (122 cm) long are usually cheaper to light because the lamps are more readily available. However, the larger the tank, more light will to provide its inhabitants. Moreover, a bigger tank for efficient filtration needs the system to continue to prosper. A good tank size is about 55 gallon. As a note, bells examined carefully. Many of them are designed for 48 "tanks, but require two 24" lamps rather one 48 "lamp. (24" lamps are usually more expensive than 48 "lamps.)

Avoid direct exposure to light sun

Once you have decided on a tank, be sure to have a place to put it. The tank should not be in direct sunlight or in an area that is very current air. Also, make it very certain the stand will be able to keep the weight of the tank, plus substrate, plus rocks, plus water. In total, 55 gallon tank will probably weigh over 800 pounds.

Selection of substrate

After selecting the tank, should take into account the substrate. It is best to use a calcareous substrate such as crushed coral or dolomite. These substrates, at least initially, to help soften the water by adding ions in the system buffer. In general, the substrate must not be so small as to be sucked into the filter or pumps, and not so great as to make the ugly tank. Also, some fish (eg gobies) and the smaller grades of substrate larger. Something in the 2-5mm department seems average. Live Arena is a substrate that has recently gained a good deal of publicity. This technology is really in its infancy and is not recommended for beginners. You can find more information in the file.

Filtration System

After selecting a substrate, consider the filtration system to use. Your choice in filtration can affect the amount substrate you need. A filter or filter background RUGF should have about 2-3 "(5cm) of medium grade (2-3mm) that covers the filter substrate plate. You do not need substrate when using non-UGF filters (for example, hang-on-the – back power filters), but most people use between a 1 / 2 "to 1" of such tanks. Interestingly too the substrate in a bottom filter system could not lead to dead ends, which can kill your inhabitants (a plug of gravel regular cleaning).

Decorations Next, consider the decoration, of which there are an abundance of options. Dead coral, lava rock, stone tuff, rock, and many more. Pieces of coral are the most popular, but are also some of the most expensive. Lava and tufa rock are inexpensive and can also be stacked to look interesting reef tanks. Live rock is one of those buzz words that people like to throw around and one that gets a big hype. Rock Live rock is simply taken from a reef system that has been populated by many different organisms.

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